Naked malawian big boom

We have 18 families and no one has more than three children.

The health of the children and mothers has improved, and so has the spacing of babies.

The world's population is expected to grow by 39% over the next 45 years and births in the 50 poorest nations are estimated to rise by 228%.

Education and improved health for women and access to contraception are vital.

Increases in contraceptive use account for about 75% of fertility decline in developing countries in the past six decades and have substantially reduced the proportion of pregnancies in women of high parity, which pose a greater-than-average risk to maternal survival In 2008, contraceptive use averted over 250,000 maternal deaths worldwide by reducing unintended pregnancies, which is equivalent to 40% of the 355,000 maternal deaths that occurred that year If all women in developing countries who want to avoid pregnancy use an effective contraceptive method, the number of maternal deaths would fall by a further 30% Because of its effect on births to women of high parity and on the need to resort to unsafe abortion, contraception also reduces the risk of maternal death per pregnancy; each 1% increase in contraceptive use reduces the maternal mortality ratio by 4·8 deaths per 100 000 live births In rich and poor countries the risks of prematurity and low birth weight are substantially raised by short intervals, and in developing countries, risk of death in infancy (ages Members of parliament meeting at the fifth International Parliamentarians Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) - held in Istanbul - agreed the economic crunch is no reason for governments to relax their commitment to women's reproductive rights and health, made 18 years ago.

Babatunde Osotimehin, executive director of the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) said 250 million women around the world do not have access to much-needed family planning services.

It is not expensive to help all women to be in fully control of the timing and frequency of their childbearing.

Preventing high-risk pregnancies where women have many births, and those that would have ended in unsafe abortion, contraceptive use has reduced the maternal mortality ratio by about 26% in just over a decade."It is not acceptable because every life is worth more than the money that we talk about." he said."We have what it takes to make a difference," Osotimehin said, referring to the advances in global communications and medical science since 1994, when the world adopted the ICPD Programme of Action to empower women to claim their reproductive rights.Everyone understands the importance of family planning now.A United Nations report says poverty perpetuates and is exacerbated by poor maternal health, gender discrimination, and lack of access to birth control.The conference aims at building on past commitments made in the first ICPD conference held in Cairo, Egypt in 1994.The Programme of Action adopted nearly two decades ago set a target of reducing maternal mortality by 75% by 2015; which is also one of the most urgent targets of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).In addition, contraception helps lengthen the interval of birth spacing, improving perinatal outcomes and child survival.In developing countries, the risk of prematurity and low birth weight doubles when conception occurs within 6 months of a previous birth, and children born within 2 years of an elder sibling are 60% more likely to die in infancy than are those born more than 2 years after their sibling.When people feel threatened by a hand-to-mouth existence, they are more likely to look towards less-than democratic ways to reduce population, especially if they have the foresight to realize that population growth is like a run-away train, very difficult to slow and stop.However, more and more evidence is showing that the methods that work the best towards reducing population growth, are the methods established by the principles of the Cairo Conference in 1994 (United Nations International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) September 1994, Cairo, Egypt), which include: a.