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After the destruction of the town in raids by the Adil Shahi dynasty in 1630 and again between 16, Dadoji Konddeo, the successor to Dhadphale, oversaw the reconstruction of the town.

He stabilised the revenue collection and administrative systems of the areas around Pune and the neighbouring Maval region.

In the period between 18, the city was a centre of agitation led by Gopal Krishna Gokhale and Bal Gangadhar Tilak.

The Poona Municipal Council was reorganized to form the Pune Municipal Corporation (PMC) in 1950.The education sector in the city continued its growth in the post-independence era with the establishment of the University of Poona (now, Savitribai Phule Pune University) in 1949, the National Chemical Laboratory in 1950 and the National Defence Academy in 1955.In the 1990s, Pune began to attract foreign capital, particularly in the information technology and engineering industries.Several colleges in Pune have student-exchange programs with colleges in Europe.Since the 1950s Pune has had a traditional economic base as most of the old industries continue to grow.They demanded the abolition of caste prejudice, equal rights for women, harmony between the Hindu and Muslim communities, and better schools for the poor.Mohandas Gandhi was imprisoned at the Yerwada Central Jail several times and placed under house arrest at the Aga Khan Palace between 19, where both his wife Kasturba Gandhi and aide Mahadev Desai died.Bajirao's son and successor, Nanasaheb constructed a lake at Katraj on the outskirts of the city and an underground aqueduct to bring water from the lake to Shaniwar Wada and the city.The patronage of the Maratha Peshwas resulted in a great expansion of Pune, with the construction of around 250 temples and bridges in the city, including the Lakdi Pul and the temples on Parvati Hill Pune prospered as a city during the reign of Nanasaheb Peshwa.The Peshwa's influence in India declined after the defeat of Maratha forces at the Battle of Panipat but Pune remained the seat of power.In 1802 Pune was captured by Yashwantrao Holkar in the Battle of Pune, directly precipitating the Second Anglo-Maratha War of 1803–1805.